Ratan Tata is an Indian businessman and philanthropist and the chairman emeritus of Tata Sons, the holding company of the Tata Group, one of India's largest conglomerates. He was born in 1937 in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, and is the son of businessman and philanthropist Naval Tata.
Tata received a Bachelor's degree in architecture and a Bachelor's degree in structural engineering from Cornell University in the United States. He began his career at Tata Sons in 1962 and worked in various roles within the company before being appointed chairman in 1991.
During his tenure as chairman, Tata led the expansion of the Tata Group into a global corporation, with operations in more than 100 countries. He also played a key role in the development of Tata's philanthropic initiatives, including the establishment of the Tata Trusts, which focus on education, healthcare, and disaster relief.
Tata retired as chairman of Tata Sons in 2012, but remains actively involved in the company and its philanthropic efforts. He has received numerous awards and honors for his business and philanthropic contributions, including the Padma Vibhushan, one of India's highest civilian honors.