यूबिहार मे परिवर्तन हुआ है. बिहार सोशल नेटवर्किंग साइट अब फ़ेसबुक पे मिलेगा. धन्यवाद.

Sunday, 17 August 2014

About Patna

Situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga, Patna, earlier known as Patliputra, is one of the most ancient cities of India. Capital of Bihar, Patna is known for its magnificent past and the historical buildings. Patna began as Pataliputra in the 5th century BC. In the 3rd century BC it became the capital of the Magadh kingdom and the seat of the Indian emperor Ashoka.

Patna is the gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centers of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri, all located in the state of Bihar. After India attained independence, Patna became the capital of Bihar. It has some very attractive tourist destinations. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu over river Ganga stretches for 7.5 Km and is among the longest bridges in the world. The Golghar, Har Mandir, Kumrahar are the major attractions in the city.
Besides, it has long been a major agricultural center of trade, its most active exports being grain, sugarcane, sesame, and rice.

History of Patna

The village of Patali is the very place where was subsequently established the renowned city of Patalibo- Patalibothrathra, capital of Magatha. The place had reached the height of its glory when Megasthenes, the ambassador of Seleucus, visited it in the reign of Chandragupta. In the time of Buddha it was but an insignificant place. There was, however, a sort of fort to arrest the inroads of some troublesome neighbours. Buddha, when he passed through that place, predicted that it would become a flourishing town. The prediction begun to have its accomplishment one hundred years after his death, when King Ajatsatru, and removed the seat of his empire to Palibothra, near the place where the modern city of Patna stands.

Fort to city

The name Patna is thought to be adapted from Patan, the name of the Hindu goddess Patan devi. Another theory considers it to be derived from Patliputra the original name of Patna. Patliputra was started by Ajatshatru (son of Bimbisar of the Sishunag/Sisunga dynasty) as a fort on the junction of 4 rivers, particularly the Ganga and Sone. This was to defend the kingdom of Magadh from the army of the Liccahvis that used to cross the river Ganga and harass the citizens on the other side of the river.

Patna has been called by several names depending upon the ruler of the city, Pataligram, Pataliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapura, Azimabad, and the present day Patna. Another point of noteworthiness is that it has “Putra” attached to Patli. A story goes that Patli was a princess who have birth to a child and the parents decided to live there at the very spot the child was born hence it came to be known as Patliputra. Nonetheless, no city in India has this unique name of having a suffix of Putra. Putra in Sanskrit is Son.

Initially the fort was maintained by some soldiers. One of them was particularly fond of roses and planted some. Hence the fort came to be known as Patligram and later Kusumpur Again Patli and Kusum is another name of the flower rose while gram is a village in the Hindi/Sanskrit language.

Another interesting story is that while hunting at the jungles of Bihar Sharif king Ajatsatru happened to go across the river to Vaishali where the people made fun of his physical features. “How could the son of beautiful Bimbisar and Chella be so ugly”? This really upset Ajatsatru and decided to destroy Vasishali. Ajatsatru being a good military strategist decided to convert this region into a fort to defend from and attack on the Liccahvis of Vaishali. He must have decided to make a city on the banks taking into account the vicinity of the river and Ganga.

Later on the city was built under the guidance of Ajatsatru’s trusted ministers Sunidh and Vaskar. The credit goes to Udayin, the son of Ajatsatru to actually build Patliputra to a famous city and to use it as his capital of Magadh. The Gargi-Samhita, Yug Puran, Vayu Puran mentions that Udayin magnificently built Kusumpur. In the later years it became the grandiosecapitale of Magadh and India that rose to its highest pinnacle during the rule of Ashoka the great.

The current name of Patna, the capital of Bihar was given by Sher Shah Suri, whose tomb is at Sasaram, a place near Patna and is a well known tourist spot for locals and foreigners alike. It is now the capital of Bihar.

Saturday, 9 August 2014

Sikhs in Bihar of 1984 riots

As Indira Gandhi was murdered by her Sikh bodyguards in 1948, the Congress party workers went on a killing spree murdering our 10,000 Sikh brothers and sisters. This allowed making Rajiv Gandhi Prime Minister illegally as he was not even a member of parliament. Unfortunately Bihar being a part of the congress ruled states at that time too saw the same massacre of our Sikh brothers and sisters in Bihar.

As a child when growing in Patna, I remember the Sikhs as a great patriotic community with love for Bihar as most other Biharis. In 1984 Bihar was under congress rule. Like all congress ruled states, Bihar suffered huge riots in especially in Patna. I remember going to Patna market to a Ladies “Churi” store with my mother. The shop was run by a Sikh gentleman who wore his turban with pride. We used to call him Chachaji. Once in 1984 my mother took me there and discovered that Chachaji had cut his hair and was no longer wearing his turban. My mother was horrified to learn the story that he narrated and they both cried. Chachaji narrated the story of his ordeal, how he escaped the killings in Patna by Congress Party workers by letting hair go and pretending to be a non-Sikh.

Another story I remember was a “Mithai” store my family used to go periodically to enjoy Lassi and sweets. I visually remember visiting the shop and was horrified to see that it had been burnt down and their Sikh owners killed.
Such are the stories I remember as little boy growing in 1984 Patna. 25 years on the those Congress party killers are still alive and contesting elections. What I fail to understand that both Sajjan Kumar and Jagdish Tytler may have stepped down but why were they given tickets to contest elections in the first place by the so called secular congress party.

History of Ancient Magadha

1. From about 500 to 200 B.C. Magadha (the modern Bihar) was the principal state and the dominions of its great king Asoka were almost the same as British India to-day.

 2. In the immediately succeeding period many invaders entered from the north-west. Some were Greeks and some Iranians but the most important were the Kushans who ruled over an Empire embracing both north-western India and regions beyond it in Afghanistan and Central Asia. This Empire came to an end in the third century A.D. but the causes of its collapse are obscure.

 3. The native Hindu dynasty of the Guptas began to rule in 320 A.D. Its dominions included nearly all northern India but it was destroyed by the invasions of the Huns in the fifth and sixth centuries.

 4. The Hindu Emperor Harsha (606-647 A.D.) practically reconstituted the Gupta Empire but his dominions split up after his death. At the same time another Empire which extended from Gujarat to Madras was founded by Pulakeśin, a prince from the south, a region which though by no means uncivilized had hitherto played a small part in the general history of India.

 5. From 650 to 1000 A.D. India was divided among numerous independent kingdoms. There was no central power but Bengal and the Deccan were more prominent than previously.

 6. After 1000 A.D. the conquests of invaders became important and the Hindu states of northern and central India collapsed or grew weak. But the Hindus held out in Rajputana, Orissa, and above all in Vijayanagar.
7. In 1526 came the invasion of the Mughals, who founded an Empire which at its zenith (1556-1707) included all India except the extreme south. In its decadence the Marathas and Sikhs became powerful and Europeans began to intervene.

 It is generally agreed that at a period which, though not fixed, was anterior to 1000 B.C. a body of invaders known as Aryans and nearly akin to the ancient Iranians entered India through the north-western mountains. They found there other tribes not deficient in civilization but unable to offer any effective resistance. These tribes who retired southwards are commonly known as Dravidians and possibly represent an earlier invasion of central-Asiatic tribes allied to the remote ancestors of the Turks and Mongols. At the time when the earlier hymns of the Rig Veda were composed, the Aryans apparently lived in the Panjab and did not know the sea, the Vindhya mountains or the Narbudda river. They included several tribes, among whom five are specially mentioned, and we hear that a great battle was fought on the Ravi, in which a confederation of ten kings who wished to force a passage to the east was repulsed by Sudas, chief of the Tritsus. Still the south-eastern movement, across the modern United Provinces to the borders of Bengal, continued and, so far as our records go, it was in this direction rather than due south or south-west, that the Aryans chiefly advanced. When the Brâhmaṇas and earlier Upanishads were composed (c. 800-600 B.C.) the principal political units were the kingdoms of the Pancâlas and Kurus in the region of Delhi. The city of Ayodhyâ (Oudh) is also credited with a very ancient but legendary history.

The real history of India begins with the life of the Buddha who lived in the sixth century B.C. At that time the small states of northern India, which were apparently oligarchies or monarchies restricted by the powers of a tribal council, were in process of being absorbed by larger states which were absolute
monarchies and this remained the normal form of government in both Hindu and Moslim times. Thus Kosala (or Oudh) absorbed the kingdom of Benares but was itself conquered by Magadha or Bihar, the chief city of which was Pataliputra or Patna, destined to become the capital of India. We also know that at this period and for about two centuries later the Persian Empire had two satrapies within the limits of modern India, one called "India," including the country east of the Indus and possibly part of the Panjab, and the other called Gândhâra (Peshawar) containing Takshaśilâ, a celebrated university. The situation of this seat of learning is important, for it was frequented by students from other districts and they must have felt there in early times Persian and afterwards Hellenistic influence. There are clear signs of Persian influence in India in the reign of Asoka. Of Magadha there is little to be said for the next century and a half, but it appears to have remained the chief state of northern India.

In 327 B.C. Alexander the Great after over-throwing the Persian Empire invaded India, where he remained only nineteen months. He probably intended to annex Sind and the Panjab permanently to his Empire but he died in 323 and in the next year Candragupta, an exiled scion of the royal house of Magadha, put an end to Macedonian authority in India and then seized the throne of his ancestors. He founded the Maurya dynasty under which Magadha expanded into an Empire comprising all India except the extreme south. Seleucus Nicator, who had inherited the Asiatic possessions of Alexander and wished to assert his authority, came into collision with Candragupta but was completely worsted and about 303 B.C. concluded a treaty by which he ceded the districts of Kabul, Herat and Kandahar. Shortly afterwards he sent as his ambassador to the court of Pataliputra a Greek named Megasthenes who resided there for a considerable time and wrote an account of the country still extant in a fragmentary form. The grandson of Candragupta was Asoka, the first ruler of all India (c. 273-231 B.C.). His Empire extended from Afghanistan almost to Madras and was governed with benevolent but somewhat grandmotherly despotism. He was an ardent Buddhist and it is mainly owing to his efforts, which are described in more detail below, that Buddhism became during some centuries the dominant faith in India.

Asoka's Empire broke up soon after his death in circumstances which are not clear, for we now enter upon one of those chaotic periods which recur from time to time in Indian history and we have little certain information until the fourth century A.D. Andhra, a region including large parts of the districts now called the Northern Circars, Hyderabad and Central Provinces, was the first to revolt from the Mauryas and a dynasty of Andhra kings, who claimed to belong to the Śâtavâhana family, ruled until 236 A.D. over varying but often extensive territories. What remained of the Maurya throne was usurped in 184 B.C. by the Sungas who in their turn were overthrown by the Kaṇvas. These latter could not withstand the Andhras and collapsed before them about 27 B.C.

Are We Doing Enough For Bihar?

Those of us who are educated out of bihar and working out of our state can not abosrb themself of committing a crime f brain and capital drain. A study by overseas development institute(ODI) London states-Rs 9,000 cr is the annual remmittance done by 70 lakh(including seasonal labours) uneducated bihar workers from across india to bihar.And if the figure of those living abroad is added than the amount may rise further as Bihar after Kerala and Andhra Pradesh is the third highest exporter of skilled and semi-skilled hands to the world, especially the Middle East, United States, Canada, Europe and Australia. The money orders sent by migrant labourers to their families amounts to approximately Rs 450 crore every year.The amount sent through postal money order is as high as Rs 700 to 800 crore.

In retorespective we are educated by the money of bihar, and when we are earning we r buying property, cars, and other consumer items in the city where we live but unfortunately is not remmitteing even our time ,leave alone money to our state. Are we attached to any of the working groups or organisations w hich are working in the state by way of any monetary contribution?. We are the biggest culprit and victim of Bihar's Plight.!

बहुत ही बढ़िया चर्चा के विषय छेड़नी ह अपने. अगर देखल जाओ त बिहार जैसन एतिहासिक प्रबुद्धता आ प्रचुरता के लाभ पूरा विश्व के प्राप्त भईल आ वर्तमान के कई वैज्ञानिक प्रगति बिहार के ही देन कहल जाई. चाहे ऊ गणित होखो चाहे खगौल विज्ञान. शिक्षा के क्षेत्र होखो चाहे साहित्य के विषय होखो. सबमें बिहार के योगदान विश्वस्तरीय रहल. लेकिन आज बिहार ही उपेक्षा के शिकार हो गईल बा. आ सबसे दुख के बात ई बा की दोसर लोग बिहार के जहाँ महत्वहीन समझ रहल बा वहीँ कुछ बिहारी भी अपना आप के महत्वहीन मान लेहले बाड़ें आ ई सबसे दुखद आ भयावह स्थिति कहल जाई. काहे की जवन समाज आ व्यक्ति अपना के महत्वहीन समझ लेवेल ऊ अपनी आप मृत-सामान हो जाला. आज बिहार सो रहल बा आ आपन अधिकार के खो रहल बा. कुछ लोग के कारन बिहार एक हास्यास्पद स्थिति में पहुँच गईल. दोषी के बा ? शायद हमनी के. शायद प्रबुद्ध बिहारी के उदासीनता के कारन ऐसन स्थिति हो रहल बा. आज बहुत ही कम प्रबुद्ध बारे जे अपनी के जैसन जागरूक आ आंदोलित-विकार से परिपूर्ण बारे. आज जरुरी बा की बिहार के जगवाल जाओ, एक-एक प्रबुद्ध व्यक्तित्व के एक-जुट करल जाव आ बिहार के फिर से वही स्थान विश्वस्तर पर दिलवावल जाओ. हम ई जान रहल बानी की लोग ई कहिहें की इतना आसान नईखे लेकिन ऐसन बात भी नईखे शुरुआत कोई एक ही व्यक्ति करेला आ लोग के साथ मिळत रहेला आ अभियान, आन्दोलन आ क्रांति के रूप ले लेवेला.
एकर एक मात्र उदहारण देल चाहब की "विश्व bhojpuri diwas" के विश्वस्तर पर manawe के vichar hamra मन में utpann भईल आ हम एक शुरुआत kayini एक social site के madhyam से, लोग judat gayilan आ आज parinaam saamne आ गईल. Antar-rashtriy sanstha "विश्व Bhojpuri Sammelan, Mauritus" के swara 2 november के harek साल पूरा विश्व में "विश्व bhojpuri diwas" manawe के adhikarik ghoshna हो गईल. 3 october 2009 के "विश्व bhojpuri sammelan" के antar-rashtriy maha-sachiv Dr. Niran जी lucknow के एक press conference में एकर ghoshna कर dehalan आ साथ ही 05 october 2009 के deoria (UP) के एक karykram में Mauritius के rajdoot Sri. mukeshwar chunni जी के द्वारा भी ई ghoshna sarvjanik रूप से कर dehal गईल आ साथ ही mauritius में eh diwas के sarvjanik awkaash के ghoshna भी करल गईल. अगर देखल जाओ त एक शुरुआत के jarurat हमेशा hola. आ शुरुआत करल जरुरी hola.
अपनी eh विषय में chintan-manan कर रहल बानी ekra khatir koti-koti dhanywad आ sadhuwad. जहाँ तक shaluji के election तक intezar के बात बा, हम eehey कहल चाहब की शुरुआत करल जाओ आ ekra khatir kawno shubh muhurt dekhe के jarurat नईखे और ना ही kawno awsar के dekhe के jarurat बा. शुरुआत के dundubhi baajo आ लोग के जागरूक करल जाओ आ बिहार के jagaawal जाओ. बिहार में hausala बा, बिहार maral नईखे bus बिहार dookhi बा आ sankuchit बा kahey की uppekshit बा आ सबसे ज्यादा बिहार के rajniti से ही pratarit बा. Eh से jetna jaldi hokhey kary-yojna nirdharit करल जाओ आ sabhe के jutawal जाओ. जहाँ तक hamaar madad के sawaal बा हम vaicharik sahyog karey के हमेशा tatpar बानी. जहाँ तक हो saki एक-दो sanstha जे dilli में बा आ barhiya काम कर रहल बा okar sansthapak से भी अपनी के sampark karwawe के koshis karab jeh से की एकर awaaz dilli तक gunj sako.
"बिहार adhikaar आन्दोलन" के शुरुआत करल जाओ, एक एक बिहारी के ekjut करल जाओ आ आन्दोलन के dundubhi बिहार के rajdhani के दिल "गाँधी maidan" से शुरू कर dehal जाओ.

महापर्व छठ

इस पर्व में पहले दिन शाम को डूबते सूरज की पूजा होती है तो दुसरे दिन उगते हुए सूरज की . इस पर्व से जुडी हुई अनेको कहानिया है और सबकी अपनी महत्ता भी है , पर अगर देखा जाये तो एक बात और ध्यान देने योग्य है की पहले जाते हुए और बाद में आते हुए सूर्य की पूजा एक सन्देश और देता है की हम बिहार के लोग इस पर्व से एक और पर्व शुरु कर सकते है 'नववर्ष' . बंगाली , मराठी, पञ्जाबी , दक्षिण भारतीय सबका अपना अपना नववर्ष है तो हम लोग भी अपना एक दिन रख सकते है और छठ से अच्छा दिन तो हो ही नहीं सकता. रही बात एक नए कैलेंडर की तो अपने पंडित लोग कब काम आयेंगे. कृपया अपनी राए जरूर दे.

North Indian Backlash

Nature has a wonderfully automatic system of adjusting or providing things by the generally known market law of Demand & Supply. Where there is a demand for certain thing; there will be supply for it. If un-biased examination is carried out, results may change our perceptions about deep-rooted dogmas and beliefs.

Where there is frequent disease; medical practitioners, dispensing chemists, hospitals proliferate in that area. Where there are economically affluent people; malls, health clubs and assortment of merchandise will be made available to cater to demand. Where there are many idiots living, or rather dying to kill time; there is proliferation of TV channels with utterly idiotic programs to cater to idiotic demands and to ensure perpetuation of idiocy.

By the same law, where there is rampant corruption, erosion of human values, when the situation is beyond rectification by human beings; the supreme consciousness has to come as incarnation to intervene and set the things right at higher echelons of society. But irony is, no sooner than the supreme consciousness incarnation goes away from the scene; the people of that area revert back to their original behaviour.

Some historical facts about Bhagalpur

Bhagalpur was the capital of Anga at the time of the great Mahabharata, and a place of consideration from a very ancient date to at least the eighth and ninth centuries. Fifty yojans more to the east, at the confluence of the river with the sea, was the kingdom of To-mo-li-ti. The religion of Buddha was in a nourishing state in this principality, and Fa Hian abode there two years, transcribing manuscripts and copying images. Bhagalpur was an English civil station that is it is the residence of an English Collector during the British Raj.

The city has a Jain temple in which is placed the Padam or the sculptured feet of the god Vasupujya Tirthakara who obtained moksha or salvation at this place. It is said that this temple was established formerly by the king Srenika Maha Rajah and in the front of that temple stood two or turrets and bricks of the height of two coconut trees. It is said that about four centum ago there was a merchant named Mari Chund of the Jaina sect who dwelt in this city. He built four pillars of these sizes at this place and laid a terrace on them, standing upon which every morning after he rose he could see the hill of medha Parvattam and so visit the temple of that sacred place.

Of the four pillar, two have disappeared entirely while two are still in good condition. In the foot of the bottom of the pillar on the left is a hole into which it a man can pass through. The Jain pilgrims when worshipping the sculptured feet during pujya proceed to the mouth of that feet and cast into it cocoa nuts, cardamom, nutmegs and sweets. It is thought that there were many Jain images in that city and that all the ancient sages were accustomed formerly to go into the rank to visit those images. On the east and north of the temple of Vasupujva were tanks and between them is а grove where the pilgrims rested.

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यूबिहार सोसल नेटवर्क अब फ़ेसबुक पे है. **इधर क्लिक कीजिए**

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