Intrinsic motivation refers to the drive to engage in an activity for its own sake, rather than for any external rewards or incentives. It is driven by an individual's own interests, curiosity, and enjoyment of the activity itself.
Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, refers to the drive to engage in an activity in order to obtain a specific external reward or outcome. This type of motivation is often driven by external factors such as grades, praise, or money.
Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation play important roles in human behaviour and can influence how we approach and engage in various activities.
Intrinsic motivation is often seen as more sustainable and can lead to a deeper level of engagement and enjoyment in an activity. It can also lead to greater creativity and autonomy, as individuals are motivated to pursue their own interests and goals.
However, extrinsic motivation can also be effective in certain situations. For example, if an individual is struggling to engage in an activity that is important for their well-being, the use of external rewards or incentives may help to increase their motivation and engagement in the activity.
It is important to find a balance between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in order to maximize enjoyment and achievement in various endeavours. Identifying what motivates an individual and finding ways to tap into their intrinsic motivation can be helpful, while also using extrinsic motivation as a supplement when needed.