The landscape of the Vikramshila ruins. Vikramaśīla University was one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning in India during the Pal dynasty. Along with Nālandā University. Vikramaśīla was established by King Dharmapal (783 to 820) in response to a supposed decline in the quality of scholarship at Nālandā. Atish Dipankara, the renowned scholar, is listed as a notable abbot.